Android: Storing, Retrieving & Editing Values with SharedPreferences

Android provides a way to store and retrieve key-value pairs using the SharedPreferences API. This is a simple and efficient way to persist data across app sessions without the need for a database or file storage.

  1. Storing Values
  2. Retrieving Values
  3. Editing Values

Storing Values

To store a value, you first need to get an instance of the SharedPreferences class:

SharedPreferences preferences = getSharedPreferences("myPrefs", MODE_PRIVATE);

The first parameter is the name of the preferences file, and the second parameter is the mode, which determines the accessibility of the preferences file.

Once you have a SharedPreferences instance, you can use its edit() method to obtain an instance of the Editor class:

SharedPreferences.Editor editor = preferences.edit();

The Editor class provides methods for adding key-value pairs:

editor.putString("name", "John");
editor.putInt("age", 30);
editor.putBoolean("isMarried", true);

Finally, you need to commit the changes:


Retrieving Values

To retrieve a value, you just need to call the appropriate method on the SharedPreferences instance:

String name = preferences.getString("name", "");
int age = preferences.getInt("age", 0);
boolean isMarried = preferences.getBoolean("isMarried", false);

The second parameter of each method is the default value to use if the key is not found in the preferences file.

Editing Values

To edit a value, you can simply call the appropriate put method with the new value, followed by a commit:

editor.putString("name", "Jane");

Note that you must call commit() to save the changes.

In conclusion, SharedPreferences provide a simple and efficient way to store and retrieve key-value pairs in Android. By using this API, you can easily persist data across app sessions without the need for a database or file storage.

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