Dynamic Bean Implementation with Spring at Runtime

  1. Introduction
  2. Dynamic Bean Implementation
  3. Conclusion


When working with Spring Framework, it is common to create and configure beans in the application context XML file. However, there are scenarios where we need to dynamically create and configure beans at runtime. This can be achieved using the Dynamic Bean implementation with Spring.

Dynamic Bean Implementation

Dynamic Bean implementation with Spring allows us to create and configure beans at runtime using Java code. This is achieved by creating an instance of the `GenericApplicationContext` class and registering bean definitions programmatically. The `GenericApplicationContext` class is a sub-class of the `ApplicationContext` interface, which provides a way to manage the application context.

Step 1: Creating the ApplicationContext

To create the `GenericApplicationContext`, we need to instantiate the class and call the `refresh()` method. This will create a new instance of the application context and load the necessary configuration files.

GenericApplicationContext context = new GenericApplicationContext();

Step 2: Registering Bean Definitions

Once the application context is created, we can register bean definitions using the `registerBeanDefinition()` method. This method takes two parameters, the bean name and the `BeanDefinition` instance.

BeanDefinitionBuilder builder = BeanDefinitionBuilder.genericBeanDefinition(MyBean.class);
builder.addPropertyReference("dependency", "dependencyBean");

context.registerBeanDefinition("myBean", builder.getBeanDefinition());

In this example, we have created a `BeanDefinitionBuilder` instance for the `MyBean` class. We have also set a property reference to another bean called `dependencyBean`. Finally, we have registered the bean definition using the bean name `myBean`.

Step 3: Retrieving Beans

Once the bean definition is registered, we can retrieve the bean using the `getBean()` method of the application context.

MyBean myBean = context.getBean("myBean", MyBean.class);

In this example, we have retrieved the `myBean` instance using the `getBean()` method and casting it to the `MyBean` class.


Dynamic Bean Implementation with Spring at Runtime is a powerful feature that allows us to create and configure beans on the fly. This can be particularly useful in situations where we need to create beans based on user input or other dynamic factors. By following the steps outlined above, we can easily create and manage dynamic beans in our Spring applications.

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