Execute JMX MBean methods via shell script with Java

├Źndice
  1. Introduction
  2. Executing JMX MBean Methods via Shell Script
  3. Conclusion

Introduction

MBeans (Managed Beans) are a powerful feature of Java that allow you to manage and monitor applications remotely. JMX (Java Management Extensions) is the standard way to access MBeans. While JMX provides a graphical interface for managing MBeans, it is also possible to access MBeans via a shell script.

Executing JMX MBean Methods via Shell Script

To execute JMX MBean methods via a shell script, you will need to use the JMX command-line tools provided by Java. The JMX command-line tools are located in the $JAVA_HOME/bin directory.

To use the JMX command-line tools, you will need to specify the following options:

  • -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.port={JMX_PORT}: This option specifies the port number for JMX.
  • -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.authenticate={AUTHENTICATE}: This option specifies whether JMX authentication is enabled or disabled.
  • -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.password.file={PASSWORD_FILE}: This option specifies the location of the JMX password file.
  • -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.access.file={ACCESS_FILE}: This option specifies the location of the JMX access file.

Once you have specified the JMX options, you can use the JMX command-line tools to execute MBean methods. The following example shows how to execute the "sayHello" method on an MBean named "MyBean":

#!/bin/bash
JMX_PORT=9999
AUTHENTICATE=false
PASSWORD_FILE=/path/to/password/file
ACCESS_FILE=/path/to/access/file

JAVA_OPTS="-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.port=$JMX_PORT 
           -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.authenticate=$AUTHENTICATE 
           -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.password.file=$PASSWORD_FILE 
           -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.access.file=$ACCESS_FILE"

java $JAVA_OPTS -jar myapp.jar

jcmd JMX_PORT JMX.list
jcmd JMX_PORT MBean.getAttributes ObjectName AttributeName
jcmd JMX_PORT MBean.setAttributes ObjectName AttributeName=AttributeValue
jcmd JMX_PORT MBean.invoke ObjectName OperationName OperationArguments 

Conclusion

In conclusion, executing JMX MBean methods via a shell script with Java is a powerful tool that can help you manage and monitor your Java applications. By using the JMX command-line tools, you can easily execute MBean methods and access important application data.

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