Fixing Fragment ActionBarCompat: Accessing getSupportActionBar in Android

If you're building an Android app that uses fragments and the ActionBarCompat support library, you may encounter an issue where accessing getSupportActionBar() from within a fragment causes a runtime exception.

The solution to this problem is to use getActivity().getSupportActionBar() instead of directly calling getSupportActionBar() within the fragment. This is because the fragment doesn't have its own instance of the action bar, but rather relies on the activity to provide it.

Here's an example of how to properly access the action bar within a fragment:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns_android=""

        android_text="My Button" />


And here's the corresponding code in the fragment:

public class MyFragment extends Fragment {

    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
                             Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.my_fragment, container, false);

        Button myButton = (Button) view.findViewById(;
        myButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(View v) {
                // Access the action bar from the activity
                ((MainActivity) getActivity()).getSupportActionBar().setTitle("New Title");

        return view;

By using getActivity().getSupportActionBar(), you'll be able to access the action bar from within the fragment without causing any runtime exceptions.

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