Fixing Pillow Installation Failures in Linux for Python

  1. Introduction
  2. Common Causes of Pillow Installation Failures
    1. Missing Dependencies
    2. Incorrect Installation Command
    3. Outdated pip or setuptools
  3. Conclusion


Pillow is a popular Python library for image processing and manipulation. However, installing Pillow on Linux operating systems can sometimes result in installation failures. In this article, we will explore the common causes of Pillow installation failures in Linux for Python and how to fix them.

Common Causes of Pillow Installation Failures

The following are some of the common reasons for Pillow installation failures in Linux for Python:

Missing Dependencies

Pillow depends on several external libraries for image processing. If these libraries are not installed on your system, Pillow installation will fail. To fix this issue, you need to install the missing dependencies using your package manager. For example, on Ubuntu, you can install the required dependencies using the following command:

sudo apt-get install libjpeg-dev libfreetype6-dev zlib1g-dev

Incorrect Installation Command

Sometimes, Pillow installation failures occur due to incorrect installation commands. To install Pillow, you need to use the following command:

pip install Pillow

Make sure that you are running this command with root privileges if necessary.

Outdated pip or setuptools

An outdated version of pip or setuptools can also cause Pillow installation failures. To update pip and setuptools, use the following commands:

pip install --upgrade pip
pip install --upgrade setuptools


In conclusion, Pillow installation failures in Linux for Python can be caused by missing dependencies, incorrect installation commands, or outdated pip and setuptools. By following the above steps, you can fix these issues and install Pillow successfully on your Linux system.

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