How to download PDF with urllib in Python - Step by Step Guide

├Źndice
  1. Introduction
  2. Step-by-Step Guide
    1. Step 1: Importing necessary modules
    2. Step 2: Specifying the PDF file URL
    3. Step 3: Downloading the PDF file
  3. Conclusion

Introduction

Python is a powerful language for web scraping and data analysis. One of the most common tasks in web scraping is downloading files, such as PDFs, from the internet. In this article, we will learn how to download a PDF file with urllib in Python.

Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Importing necessary modules

In order to download a PDF file, we need to import the urllib module. We can do this by adding the following code at the beginning of our Python script:

import urllib.request

Step 2: Specifying the PDF file URL

Next, we need to specify the URL of the PDF file that we want to download. We can do this by assigning the URL to a variable, like so:

pdf_url = "https://example.com/file.pdf"

Make sure to replace "https://example.com/file.pdf" with the actual URL of the PDF file you want to download.

Step 3: Downloading the PDF file

Now, we can actually download the PDF file using the urllib.request.urlretrieve() function. This function takes two arguments: the URL of the file to be downloaded and the file name to save it under. Here's how we can use this function to download the PDF file:

urllib.request.urlretrieve(pdf_url, "file.pdf")

This will save the PDF file under the name "file.pdf" in the current working directory.

Conclusion

In this article, we learned how to download a PDF file with urllib in Python. By following the simple steps outlined above, you can easily download any PDF file from the internet using Python. Happy coding!

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