Python: Retrieve first matching item from iterable based on condition

When working with iterables in Python, it's common to need to find the first item that meets a certain condition. Fortunately, Python provides an easy way to do this using a generator expression and the built-in next() function.

├Źndice
  1. Using a generator expression
  2. Handling a StopIteration exception

Using a generator expression

A generator expression is a concise way to create a generator in Python. It's similar to a list comprehension, but instead of creating a list, it creates a generator that can be iterated over. To use a generator expression to find the first item that meets a certain condition, you can use the next() function in combination with the generator expression.

my_list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
first_even = next(x for x in my_list if x % 2 == 0)
print(first_even) # Output: 2

In the example above, we create a list of integers and then use a generator expression to find the first even number in the list. The next() function is used to retrieve the first item that meets the condition, and then the result is printed to the console.

Handling a StopIteration exception

It's important to note that if no items in the iterable meet the condition, a StopIteration exception will be raised. To handle this, you can provide a default value to the next() function.

my_list = [1, 3, 5, 7]
first_even = next((x for x in my_list if x % 2 == 0), None)
print(first_even) # Output: None

In the example above, we create a list of integers that doesn't contain any even numbers. We use a generator expression to find the first even number in the list, but provide a default value of None to the next() function in case no items meet the condition.

Using a generator expression and the next() function is a simple and efficient way to find the first item that meets a certain condition in Python iterables.

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